1)Finding the Cause Of Infertility
The first step is to obtain a detailed history and perform a physical exam. Believe it or not, there is a great deal of information that an experienced physician can collect during a consultation. The age of the couple is important. The duration of infertility is very important. Whether or not previous pregnancies of any kind have occurred is consequential. Has there been a previous marriage? Has there been any previous surgery? Is there a history of endometriosis or pelvic infection? All of this information is helpful.
Basic treatment is what most patients require. This treatment is simple, less expensive and less comlex than in vitro treatment. Basic treatment can be divided into four groups:
1. Ovulation Drugs
2. Artificial insemination
3. Surgical procedures
4. Treatment for Polycystic Ovaries
Approximately 15-20% of couples attempting to achieve pregnancy in the United States each year face difficulties with fertility. Of those couples, a pure "female factor" is responsible for about 35-40% of cases. About another 35% of cases are pure "male factor." Couples with a combination of male and female factors account for the remaining 25-30% of cases. Therefore, a male infertility factor plays a part for more than 50% of couples unable to conceive on their own. These numbers stress the need for appropriate male factor evaluation and treatment options.
4)Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Five percent to 10 percent of young women have a hormonal disorder called polycystic ovarian syndrome. Women with PCOS often have insulin resistance (the body does not use insulin well), resulting in too much insulin in the body. Excess insulin has been related to an increase in production of androgen, a male hormone made in fat cells, ovaries and adrenal glands.
PCOS tends to run in families, but the exact cause is not known. Symptoms include:
•Infrequent menstrual periods, no menstrual periods and/or irregular bleeding
•Infertility because of lack of ovulation..
Up to 85 percent of women experience some form of premenstrual syndrome during their childbearing years. While symptoms vary, common ones include:
•Swelling in feet, hands and ankles
•Anxiety and depression.
6)How a Man's Diet Affects Fertility Too
When it comes to conceiving a baby, diet and lifestyle are just as important for men as for women.
One-third of the cases of infertility are related to the male partner, with some of the most common causes of sperm-related infertility including low sperm count, slow moving sperm, abnormal shape and size of sperm and problems with semen.
Diet and lifestyle choices can affect the health of a man's sperm, so use the following information to guide you in making healthy choices.